Website designed & produced by Fiona Curtis 

Supported by Compton Parish & Guildford Borough Councils & Compton Village Association

compton logo new

Compton - History

The last 50 -100 years have seen significant changes in village life throughout the UK and Compton is no exception. Thanks to a conservation order, Compton has retained much of its character

 

The Old Post Office Stores stopped trading as a Post Office in 1986. It was an Antiques Shop for a period before becoming a residential property in 1995.

 

There are currently 2 Public Houses in Compton but over the years there were others. White Hart Cottage was a pub which was known by a variety of names. Brook House was built on the site of a pub called 'The Bear' and the site that now houses Rustic Antiques and the Lynhams was formerly a pub called Aum Outlett.

 

The village school was closed in 1975 and is now a residential property. The 'Old Congregational Church' is also residential, it's origins stemming from the non-conformist movement during last Century, when Mrs Watts laid the foundation stone there, as she did at the village hall.

In 1809 there were two cottages in between Poplar Cottage and the Old School House (on the common). The landlord, Joseph Hollis, lived in the cottage on the right (both since demolished) and his tenant, John Cooper lived next door with his Mother and a child. It was said that Mr Hollis wasn't particularly popular as he flaunted his money and when he increased the rent and threatened eviction the tenant planned his demise! Amongst the witnesses was one Thomas Whitelaw, the proprietor at the Harrow.  The trial took place in August at Guildford, both Cooper and his Mother Mary were charged, but Mary confessed to her Son's guilt and was therefore declared not guilty.

 

As is the case with many of the cottages in Compton, South Cottage has been subject to a considerable number of changes over the years.

 

House Histories   informs us that the cottage was referred to in 1517 where Westbury Manor records showed that the tennent 'Catherine Wheeler' had died, leaving the property in the care of David Evan, guardian to her son John, until he came of age. A dispute was later recorded, over the ownership of the property which eventually went to her son, John.

 

Between that time ( reign of Henry VIII) and the present day, the house has fallen into disrepair, been subject to rebuild and been changed from cottages to a single dwelling. The Stovold family remained tennents for approximately 350 years and in the early 19th century the property became part of the Eastbury Estate until it was sold in 1963, along with many of the ' tied cottages' linked to the Estate.

 

Information and image  linked to South Cottage, reproduced with kind permission from Philip & Sally Gorton. 

To find out about YOUR house contact www.house-history-research.co.uk  or email house.history@btinternet.com

4512524928.gif

South Cottage - 1880. During 1890's it

was known by theTudor name ' Barber's'

S23

There are 31 listed buildings in Compton, the list can be found HERE

Many are included in the slide show above, although not all and every house has a story!

 

Until 1913, the rector lived at the Grange, in the Avenue. In 1913, the Terry's bought the Grange and the Rector moved to the new Arts & Crafts house that remained the Rectory until very recently. Planning permission now exists to build another new house in the grounds of the Rectory, which will become the new abode for our Priest in Charge.

 

Moors Cottage was once a Coffee House and serve refreshments to the many visitors that frequented Watts Gallery and visited the Wattses. It originates from 17thC and possibly earlier. Cypress Farm originates from 16thC as does Mission Cottage.

 

The map on the right is from 1760 and shows that whilst many of the houses in Compton have since been replaced, their origins go back a long way.

 

If you look at Compton from the Compton heights in Down Lane or the ridge that runs parallel to Priorsfield Road, you can see that Compton  is in a valley. Before the introduction of drainage, this meant substantial areas were marshy and we can see that today in old place names.

 

Withies Lane and Polsted Lane have watery derivatives, as Withies or reeds grew near water and Polsted is thought to come from 'Pool' sted. We also have Waterhaw Cottage and Island House, and in 1760, we can see that the Southern section of the village was referred to as Compton Marsh.

Listed Buildings Compton

Click to enlarge

Click to enlarge

1809 – Joseph Hollis found stabbed in his kitchen. The neighbour’s knife was found on the kitchen floor and hence he was hanged for murder. His name was John Cooper and they lived in the 2 cottages situated between Poplar Cottage & the School House (now demolished)

 

1894 First Compton Parish Council

 

Late 1890’s – 1904Wattses are prolific in Compton

Limnerslease, new Cemetery & Chapel, Pottery, new houses are built for potters and Watts staff

Oak Cottages, Withies Lane, Down Hollow, Brixbury Cottage

 

Dairy, Wistaria, April & Primrose Cottage built

 

1901 Death of Queen Victoria & Coronation of Edward VII

 

1904 – death of GF Watts

 

1914 -18 WW1 – death of 11 local men

 

Introduction of longest serving Council members -Frank George Norris, Sydney How & Albert Frederick Jackson to Compton PC.

 

1929 New Congregational Church built.

 

New housing development at Fowlers Croft

 

1934 Village Hall is built & Major Rudkin compiles Album

Timelines

Silver Jubilee – King George V & Queen Mary 1935

 

WW2 – Death of Hugh Jupp’s son, Thomas.

 

Death of Mary Watts 1938

 

1948 – Death of Major Rudkin & his wife

 

1950’s – Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II

 

New housing development at Almsgate

 

Many large new houses built at Priorsfield & Down Lane

 

Closure of Compton Pottery

 

1960’s – Development of new housing at Spiceall

 

Proliferation of female Parish Councillors

 

Sale of Eastbury Estate properties

 

1970’s – Widening of B3000  

 

2008/9 -  Village Club is rebuilt plus 4 new houses

 

2013 /2014 - Watts Gallery & Parish Council enter into a long term management agreement

 

2012-2014 – 2 large houses built, one opposite the Harrow & one in the Avenue